|Turkish adaptation of Non-Violent and Violent Offending Behavior Scale
Şiddet İçeren ve İçermeyen Suç Davranışları Ölçeğinin (ŞİSDÖ) Türkçe formunun geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması
Merve Koçak; Ayşegül Durak Batıgün
Received Sep 11 2017, Accepted 29 Oct 2017
The main purpose of the current study is to investigate the reliability and validity of the “NonViolent and Violent Offending Behavior Scale” (NVOBS) in a non-clinical population in Turkey. Moreover, it aimed to examine the scale in terms of demographic variables, such as gender and educational level. The sample of the study consisted of 137 (55.9%) females and 108 males (44.1%), 245 participants in total. The age range was 20 and 40 years, while the mean age was 28.66 (SD = 5.70). In addition to NVOBS, Multidimensional Anger Scale (MAS) was also used for criterion-related validity. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses revealed a three factor solution to be appropriate for the scale. The three factors were named as “Intimate Partner Violence” (Cronbach α = .88), “General Violence” (Cronbach α = .94) and “Nonviolent Crimes” (Cronbach α = .76). The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that three-factor structure was valid and model fit indices indicated acceptable fit (χ2 /sd = 4.39, CFI = .81, GFI = .81, RMR = .01, RMSEA = .08, ECVI = 4.91< 19.63). The reliability and validity values of the scale were satisfactory.
|Parental acceptance-rejection in the development of social anxiety in the childhood: The mediating role of automatic thoughts
Çocukluk döneminde sosyal kaygının gelişiminde ebeveyn kabul-red algısı: Otomatik düşüncelerin aracı rolü
Gözde Tezcan; Gülsen Erden; İbrahim Yiğit
Received 12 Sep 2017, Accepted 23 Nov 2017
Intelligence Children’s perception of parental rejection has negatively influenced their psychological adjustment and functioning. Further, this perception of rejection is assumed to have an effect on their cognitions about self and the world. The main purpose of the present study is to examine the mediating role of automatic thoughts in the relationship between maternal rejection and social anxiety. The sample consisted of 389 fifth-grade students (211 girls, 178 boys) from various elementary schools in Ankara. The participants completed Demographic Information Form, Child/Adolescent Parental Acceptance Rejection Questionnaire: Mother, Cognitive Triad Inventory for Children and Social Anxiety Scale for Children-Revised. Findings of the path analysis showed that negative automatic thoughts significantly mediated the relationship between perceived coldness, neglect and undifferentiated rejection from mother, and social anxiety. In other words, as long as the maternal rejection increases, negative thoughts about self, future and the world increase so does social anxiety. Moreover, girls scored higher than boys in terms of undifferentiated rejection and negative thoughts. That maternal rejection triggers cognitive mechanisms and leads to vulnerability for social anxiety may contribute to theoretical and practical understanding in order to increase children’s social functioning.
|Emerging adulthood and loss experiences: Examination of attachment-based mental representations and psychological symptoms
Beliren yetişkinlik ve kayıp yaşantıları: Bağlanma temelli zihinsel temsiller ve psikolojik belirtilerin incelenmesi
Gizem Cesur; Sezin Başbuğ
Received 12 Nov 2017, Accepted 20 Dec 2017
The aim of this study is to examine the psychological symptoms and Attachment-Based Mental Representations of university students who experienced the death of first and second-degree relatives or the break-up of their romantic relationships. The sample consisted of 122 female and 102 male students. The age of the participants ranged between 18 and 29 with a mean of 21.31 years (SD = 1.90). Demographic Information Form, Brief Symptom Inventory and Attachment-Based Mental Representation Scale were used to collect data. One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) results showed that there was no significant difference on Attachment-Based Mental Representations among the groups. Therefore, all groups are assumed to be homogeneous in terms of attachment-based mental representations. To compare psychological symptom levels of the groups, ANOVA was also conducted. The results indicated that there were significant differences between the groups who lost their second-degree relatives and who break-up their romantic relationship. However, there was no significant differences between the groups who lost their first-degree relatives and who break-up their romantic relationships. Regression analysis revealed that negative self-representation and negative father-representation significantly predicted psychological symptoms of the group who experienced the break-up. Consequently, break-up of the romantic relationship is quite important for emerging adulthood. In addition, current study revealed that negative self-representation and negative father-representation of adolescents who experienced the break-up led to the risk factors for psychological symptoms.
|A review of depression and its treatment from a metacognitive perspective
Üstbilişsel perspektiften depresyon ve tedavisi üzerine bir derleme
Received 22 Sep 2017, Accepted 30 Nov 2017
Depression has continued to be a major and prevalent mental health problem. Though standard interventions for depression are pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy, recurring depression still constitutes a major problem. Metacognition studies that have become widespread in clinical psychology recently have focused on recurring depression and depressive rumination. The term “metacognition” that was firstly introduced approximately four decades ago, and related studies created new perspectives in various fields. Metacognition is defined as the awareness of the individual regarding her/his own cognition and provides insight in understanding depression. It emphasizes not only to cognitive content but also cognitive processes of the individual. In this review, how depression is approached in clinical psychology from a metacognitive perspective and how this information is used for treatment were indicated. Furthermore, in a period that new intervention methods for depression are sought, promising aspects of metacognition studies in regard to psychotherapy and psychopathology were also discussed. In this context, in addition to the possibility of metacognitive methods to be used to support the existing therapy models, its potential as a separate therapeutic intervention method was also discussed.
|A review of the importance and consequences of family expressed emotion in schizophrenic relapse
Şizofreninin tekrarlanmasında ailede duygu dışavurumunun önemi ve sonuçları üzerine bir derleme
İpek Şenkal Ertürk; Burcu Kömürcü
Received 18 Nov 2017, Accepted 10 Dec 2017
Schizophrenia is a severe psychiatric disorder with high relapse rates, which is generally chronic and may result in deterioration in social and cognitive functioning. It is thought that attitudes and behaviors of caregivers and families who are in contact with patients with schizophrenia have a significant role in the course of schizophrenia. Expressed emotion is considered a significant psychosocial predictor of relapse in psychotic disorders. High expressed emotion is commonly observed among relatives of patients with schizophrenia. When the association between schizophrenia and family is considered from the historical point of view, it appears that most researchers, advocating psychological theory, regard the family as an important cause of the disorder. However, it is thought that this point of view, which regards family members as an important cause of the disorder, may lead to a failure to understand the related relationship and agree with the family in the solution of the disorder. The aim of the present study is to examine the role of expressed emotion of the family in the course and relapse of schizophrenia and to offer suggestions for reducing relapse rates by compiling related research findings.