ISSN (Online): 2602-4438
© Association of Clinical Psychology Research
About this journal
Journal of Clinical Psychology Research (JCPR) is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to research in various fields of psychology including clinical psychology, developmental psychology, neuropsychology, cognitive psychology, etc. Published biannually (June and December), the JCPR includes original empirical research studies, review studies, meta-analysis research, single-case research, and brief reports (or short communications).
Volume 3, Number 2, December 2019
|Teaching Psychology ethics in Turkey: The evaluation of a study in terms of adoption of ethical behavior, moral values, and ethical rules
Türkiye’de Psikoloji etiği öğretimi: Bir uygulama çalışmasının etik davranış, ahlaki değerler ve etik kuralları benimseme açısından değerlendirilmesi
Yeşim Korkut, Ayşenur Aktaş
Received 12 Mar 2019, Accepted 16 May 2019
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the change on adoption of ethical behavior, moral values and ethical rules of students as a result of following the ethics curriculum, class practices, and exercises as suggested by an ethics book. Those participants who took the course and those who didn’t were given Ethical Behavior Inventory (EBI), Defining Issues Test (DIT) and Psychology Department-Ethical Rules Questionnaire at the pre-test and post-test. There was no significant difference in EBI between the groups in the pretest. In the post-test, students who took the course scored significantly lower in passive answers and significantly higher supervision need answers compared to the other students who didn’t take the course. Comparison of pre-test and post-test results within students who took the course showed that passive answers decreased and warning others’ answers increased significantly. Students who didn’t take the course showed no significant difference in EBI in terms of the pre-test and post-test level. Comparing pre-test and post-test applications of DIT showed no significant difference between groups, but there was significant difference within the groups. Indeed, students who took the course showed an increase in post-conventional schema scores, whereas students who didn’t take the course showed a significant increase in protecting norms schema level and increase in post-conventional schema scores at post-test. According to the results of Psychology Department-Ethical Rules Questionnaire, in which the answers were evaluated as percentages, it is understood that the students have learned the importance of ethical rules of psychology publication. Taken together, results demonstrated the importance of taking an ethics course on the acquisition of ethical values and knowledge as well as being more active in terms of ethics.
|The Turkish validity and reliability study of Intimate Partner Violence Strategies Index (IPVSI)
Eş Şiddetine Karşı Yöntemler Endeksi’nin (EŞYE) Türkçe geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması
Nermin Taşkale; Özlem Sertel Berk
Received 19 Jun 2019, Accepted 13 Sep 2019
There are a variety of explanations regarding coping with violence against women which has negative effects on victims as well as perpetrators and related environment. These explanations have evolved from descriptions of women as passive victims in response to violence to descriptions of women as active individuals attempting to survive. The Intimate Partner Violence Strategies Index (IPVSI) is an index that follows these contemporary descriptions. The Turkish Adaptation of the IPVSI was carried out in this study. The IPVSI, The Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS), the Ways of Coping Inventory (WOC) and the Two-dimensional Social Desirability Scale (SDS) were used in the study that analyzed data from 96 participants. Findings revealed that ordering of IPVSI dimensions as for frequency of use was placating, resistance, informal networks, legal, formal networks, and safety planning whereas as for helpfulness ratings were formal networks, legal, informal networks, safety planning, placating, and resistance. The IPVSI dimensions were related to the CTS subscales but not to any subscales of the WOC and most of the subscales of the SDS. Findings regarding the frequency of use and the CTS dimensions were parallel with the literature. It was observed that the Turkish women find public realm strategies more helpful compared to private realm strategies. Inquiry of the relationship of the IPVSI dimensions with other coping scales in future studies will present valuable information. We hope the index adds support to academic and field studies and interventions.
|The association between obsessive compulsive symptoms, disgust sensitivity, mental contamination and sexual satisfaction
Obsesif kompulsif bozukluk belirtileri, tiksinme duyarlılığı ve zihinsel kirlenmenin cinsel doyumla ilişkisi
Buruç Yılmaz; Başak Bahtiyar
Received 22 Jun 2019, Accepted 18 Aug 2019
The symptoms related to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) are common in nonclinical population and may lead to significant disabling. Sexuality in relation to OCD has been underemphasized in literature; despite that it is one of the important aspects of quality of life. Although comparative studies indicate that sexual dissatisfaction and dysfunctions are prevalent in OCD patients; the nature of this relationship needs to be highlighted. Therefore, current study aimed to examine the predictive role of not only the OCD symptoms, but also disgust sensitivity and mental contamination on sexual satisfaction among men and women. The sample consisted of 453 volunteer participants having active sexual life (253 female, 200 male) in the age range between 18 and 45 years. For data collection, Padua Inventory-Washington State University Revision (PE-WSUR), Golombok–Rust Sexual Satisfaction Inventory (GRISS), Vancouver Obsessive Compulsive Inventory-Mental Contamination Scale (VOCI-MC), Disgust Sensitivity Scale-Revised Form (DS-R) were used. The results revealed that mental contamination, obsessional thoughts and urges about harm were significantly associated with sexual dissatisfaction both at men and women. In addition, disgust sensitivity was significant predictor of sexual dissatisfaction among women. The findings highlighting the similarity and difference in the relationship between OCD and sexuality between men and women may contribute to future studies and clinical interventions aimed to improve quality of sexual life.
|Toward clinical social psychology
Klinik sosyal psikolojiye doğru
Received 1 Apr 2019, Accepted 19 Jun 2019
Psychology is a scientific field in which bilateral development has been experienced such that in one side the distance between its sub-fields is rising, in the other side the proximity of some sub-fields is increasing. Some developments gradually directed the two comprehensive areas of psy-chology, social psychology and clinical psychology towards separate ways although historically at the beginning they had been closed to each other. However, the interface between them has regained strength since the 90’s. The goal of the present paper was to reveal the interface between social and clinical psychology, and specifically investigate the case in Turkey. For this aim, firstly, the historical developments of relations between the areas of social and clinical psychology were overviewed, and the field of clinical social psychology was introduced. Then, in order to clarify the status of the interface in Turkey, the articles addressing Turkey published in The Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, and the studies in The Turkish Journal of Psychology published in the 20 years between 1997 and 2016 were searched. Surveying has been conducted using the keywords (causal attributions, social perception, social cognition, attitudes, social influence, self-disclosure, self-presentation, interpersonal relations, aggression, prosocial behavior, group processes, self, emotions) relating to the topics of interface between social and clinical psychology. The studies were evaluated in terms of their subject matters, methodology, and sample characteristics. The picture of clinical social psychology in Turkey reflected that the number of studies relating to this field was limited and, the graduate programs in social psychology and clinical psychology seemed to keep away from one another. The possible reasons of the present situation were discussed, and the attempts were proposed in order to guide the progress toward clinical social psychology in the future.
|Functional somatic syndromes and DSM-5: An evaluation from the standpoint of mind-body approach
Fonksiyonel somatik sendromlar ve DSM-5: Zihin beden yaklaşımı açısından bir değerlendirme
Burak Duruk; Özlem Sertel Berk
Received 31 May 2019, Accepted 31 Jul 2019
Clinical phenomena, classically expressed as “Somatization” or “Psychosomatic” have become to be evaluated under the title of “Functional Somatic Syndromes” in the current literature. However, biomedical dualism which still remains valid in today’s medical practice prevents these clinical phenomena from being approached in a complete mind-body integrity. In the diagnosis of these syndromes and symptoms, emphasis on “medically unexplained” of DSM-IV had a central role. Indeed, this kind of approach makes the understanding and addressing of Functional Somatic Syndromes in a multidisciplinary fashion difficult. On the other hand, the revisions on DSM-5 by APA in 2013 seem to have initiated an important reconceptualization of these clinical phenomena. These revisions seem promising for solving main problems in handling Functional Somatic Syndromes caused by a dualistic approach. Therefore, this review aimed to discuss the critical role of DSM-5 on Functional Somatic Syndromes and summarize current approaches about them by proposing a full “mind-body integration”.